Kolkata The City of Joy

Kolkata: The City of Joy and Cultural Capital of India

Kolkata: Welcome to Kolkata through Yono Informer Platform, the City of Joy! Nestled along the banks of the Hooghly River, Kolkata is a vibrant tapestry of culture, tradition, and modernity. Explore its colonial-time architecture, bustling markets, and delectable street food. Immerse yourself in the rich arts scene, from traditional dance forms to contemporary galleries. Don’t miss iconic landmarks like Victoria Memorial and Howrah Bridge. Whether you’re strolling through its charming streets or indulging in its culinary delights, calcutta promises an unforgettable experience.

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About Kolkata

Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. In recent years, Kolkata has seen significant development. In sectors such as information technology, finance, and real estate, further cementing its status as a key player in India’s economy. The city’s strategic location, well-established educational institutions. And skilled workforce have contributed to its emergence as a major centre for business and commerce in the region.

Overall, Calcutta is a city of contrasts, where the old coexists with the new, and tradition blends seamlessly with modernity. Its bustling streets, vibrant markets, and warm-hearted people make it a place unlike any other, offering visitors a glimpse into the rich tapestry of Indian culture and heritage.

Historical Background:

The history of Kolkata is intertwined with the British colonial era. The city’s origins can be traced back to the late 17th century when the British East India Company arrived in India. In 1690, Job Charnock, an agent of the East India Company, leased three villages – Sutanuti, Kalikata, and Gobindapur – from the local Zamindar (landlord) and established a trading post. These villages eventually merged to form the nucleus of present-day Kolkata.

Throughout the colonial period, Kolkata evolved into the capital of British India and served as a crucial administrative and commercial centre. It played a pivotal role in the Indian independence movement, witnessing significant events like the Swadeshi Movement and the formation of the Indian National Congress.

Culture and Heritage:

Kolkata is renowned for its vibrant cultural scene, and its people take great pride in their artistic and literary heritage. The city has been a melting pot of various cultures and has fostered the growth of literature, music, dance, theatre, and cinema.

  1. Literature: Kolkata boasts a rich literary legacy and has been home to some of India’s most celebrated writers and poets. Rabindranath Tagore, India’s first Nobel laureate in literature, is synonymous with Kolkata. The city’s coffee houses and Indian Coffee House, have served as intellectual hubs for literary discussions and debates.
  2. Music and Dance: Kolkata is the birthplace of several classical dance forms, including Kathak and Odissi. The city’s love for music is evident through its numerous music schools and the annual Dover Lane Music Conference, a prestigious classical music festival.
  3. Theater: Kolkata has a vibrant theatre scene, with both traditional and contemporary plays being staged at various theatres, including the iconic Academy of Fine Arts.
  4. Cinema: Kolkata has a profound influence on Indian cinema. Particularly in the context of Bengali cinema, often referred to as “Tollywood.” Renowned filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, and Mrinal Sen have hailed from Kolkata and made significant contributions to world cinema.

Architectural Marvels:

Kolkata’s architecture reflects its rich history, with a blend of British colonial buildings, Indo-Saracenic structures, and traditional Bengali architecture.

  1. Victoria Memorial: This iconic white marble building is a testament to Kolkata’s colonial past. And serves as a museum that houses artifacts from the British era.
  2. Howrah Bridge: Also known as Rabindra Setu, the Howrah Bridge is a symbol of Kolkata’s engineering prowess. And is one of the busiest cantilever bridges in the world.
  3. St. Paul’s Cathedral: A stunning example of Indo-Gothic architecture. St. Paul’s Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral that stands as an important landmark in the city.
  4. Indian Museum: Established in 1814, the Indian Museum is the oldest museum in India. And showcases an extensive collection of art, archaeological artefacts, and natural history exhibits.

Education and Intellectual Hub:

Kolkata has a long-standing reputation as an intellectual hub of India, with a strong emphasis on education and learning.

  1. Universities and Institutions: The city is home to prestigious institutions like the University of Calcutta, Jadavpur University, Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Calcutta, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, and the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI).
  2. Book Fairs: The Kolkata International Book Fair is one of the largest book fairs in the world. Attracting book lovers from all over India and beyond.
  3. Intellectual Debates: Calcutta has a history of hosting intellectual debates and discussions, which have played a crucial role in shaping public opinion on various socio-political issues.
About Kolkata


About Kolkata

Kolkata’s cuisine is a unique blend of traditional Bengali dishes, Mughlai delicacies, and British influences.

  1. Bengali Cuisine: Kolkata’s love for fish and rice is evident in its quintessential Bengali cuisine. Mouth-watering dishes like Hilsa fish, Bhetki Paturi, and Mishti Doi (sweet yogurt) are some of the highlights.
  2. Street Food: Kolkata is a paradise for street food enthusiasts. From Phuchka (pani puri) and Kathi Rolls to Jhalmuri (spicy puffed rice), the city’s streets are filled with delightful culinary offerings.
  3. Sweets: No visit to Kolkata is complete without indulging in its delectable sweets. Sandesh, Rosogolla, and Mishti are iconic Bengali sweets that have found admirers worldwide.

Social and Environmental Initiatives:

Kolkata is also known for its active civil society, with numerous NGOs and social organizations working towards various social causes. The city has been at the forefront of environmental initiatives and has taken steps to promote sustainability and green practices.

Our Team Opinion:

About Kolkata

Kolkata is a city that embodies a unique blend of history, culture, and intellectual fervour. From its glorious past as the capital of British India to its vibrant cultural scene. Calcutta has left an indelible mark on the nation’s identity.

Its resilience, artistic spirit, and love for literature and music have earned it the title of the “City of Joy.” As the metropolis continues to evolve, Calcutta remains an integral part of India’s diverse and colourful tapestry, contributing to the nation’s progress while preserving its rich heritage.


Is Kolkata safe for tourists?

Like any other major city, Kolkata has its share of petty crimes, but it’s generally considered safe for tourists. However, it’s advisable to take normal precautions, such as avoiding poorly lit areas at night and being cautious with belongings in crowded places.

What are the cultural festivals celebrated in Kolkata?

Kolkata hosts several cultural festivals throughout the year. Including Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali, Eid, Christmas, and the Kolkata International Film Festival. These festivals showcase the city’s vibrant cultural diversity.

Are your tours appropriate for children / aged people?

Yes, as you will have a vehicle to move around the Kolkata city so reaching sightseeing spots won’t be a problem. However, some amount of walking is required to explore the attractions. If mobility is a problem for you, talk to our Tour Assistant for options.

What is the must-visit places in Kolkata?

Some of the must-visit places in Kolkata include the Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Belur Math, Indian Museum, Marble Palace, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and the iconic tram ride.

What is the best time to visit Kolkata?

The best time to visit Kolkata is during the winter months, from October to March, when the weather is pleasant and conducive for exploring the city.

About the author

A Ranjan is from Kolkata in West Bengal. He is double post graduate in Computer Science & Management (Marketing & Operation), who is fond of Science & Technology, Stock Investing, Travelling and Writing. He made the art of writing his profession and started working from home. He mostly writes about Stock Investment, Motivational Story, Technology, Travelling Field & Famous people. This is the first employee to join the Yono Informer Team.

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